Case Study: Rambabu Singh Thakur v. Sunil Arora & Ors.

By Ayush Rahi 6 Minutes Read

“Criminalisation of politics”

Citation:  2020 SCC OnLine SC 178

Date of Judgement: 13th February 2020

Bench: Justice R.F. Nariman, Justice S. Ravindra Bhat & Justice V. Ramasubramanian.


Through a recent judgment of Supreme Court in Public Interest Foundation & Ors. v. Union of India and Anr. (2019) 3 SCC 224, while excising its power under Article 142 and Article 129 of the constitution of India, issued several directions in regards to the increasing criminalisation of politics in India :

  • Each contesting candidate shall fill up the form as provided by the Election Commission and the form must contain all the particulars as required therein.
  • It shall state, in bold letters, with regard to the criminal cases pending against the candidate.
  • If a candidate is contesting an election on the ticket of a particular party, he/she is required to inform the party about the criminal cases pending against him/her.
  • The political party concerned shall be obligated to put upon its website the aforesaid information pertaining to candidates having criminal antecedents.
  • The candidate as well as the political party concerned shall issue a declaration in the widely circulated newspapers in the locality about the antecedents of the candidate and also give wide publicity in the electronic media. When we say wide publicity, we mean that the same shall be done at least thrice after filing of the nomination papers.”

The Supreme Court was hearing the contempt petition which brought the Court’s attention to disregard of the above-issued directions of the Apex Court on which it took cognizance of the increasing criminalisation of politics in India and the lack of information about such criminalisation among the citizens.

The Court noted that there has been an alarming increase in the incidence of criminals in politics. In 2004, 24% of the Members of Parliament had criminal cases pending against them; in 2009, that went up to 30%; in 2014 to 34%; and in 2019 as many as 43% of MPs had criminal cases pending against them.


Thus Supreme Court while exercising its constitutional power under Articles 129 and 142 of the Constitution of India issued various directions :

  • It shall be mandatory for political parties [at the Central and State election level] to upload on their website detailed information regarding individuals with pending criminal cases (including the nature of the offences, and relevant particulars such as whether charges have been framed, the concerned Court, the case number etc.) who have been selected as candidates, along with the reasons for such selection, as also as to why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates.
  • The reasons as to selection shall be with reference to the qualifications, achievements and merit of the candidate concerned, and not mere “winnability” at the polls.
  • This information shall also be published in: (a)One local vernacular newspaper and one national newspaper; (b)On the official social media platforms of the political party, including Facebook & Twitter.
  • These details shall be published within 48 hours of the selection of the candidate or not less than two weeks 4 before the first date for filing of nominations, whichever is earlier.
  • The political party concerned shall then submit a report of compliance with these directions with the Election Commission within 72 hours of the selection of the said candidate.
  • If a political party fails to submit such compliance report with the Election Commission, the Election Commission shall bring such non-compliance by the political party concerned to the notice of the Supreme Court as being in contempt of this Court’s orders/directions.
Ayush Rahi

Contributing Editor at Legal-Wires. An avid reader and researcher in the field of Subaltern Gender Studies and is pursuing his PhD from the Faculty of Law, Lucknow University. He is also an Expert Political Analyst and State level Bodybuilding Champion.

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